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Kamaz | Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki
KAMAZ (Камский автомобильный завод - Камаз / Kamskiy avtomobilny zavod - Kama Automobile Zavod - Kamaz or KAMA Heavy-Duty Truck Production Plant) is a Russian truck manufacturer located in Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan, Russian Federation. KAMAZ assembled their first truck model in February 1976 and now, 32 years later, the heavy duty models are exported to many areas of the world including Eastern Europe, China, the Middle East, and North Africa. Its trucks have won the Dakar Rally a record eight times. Today Kamaz is the largest truck producer in Russia, and the CIS. The factory produces 93,600 trucks a year (260 trucks a day).. All of the Kamaz trucks have a V8 engine. The Russian Army uses special reinforced Kamaz models as well.
KAMAZ owns about 50% of the NefAZ truck, bus and combine harvester manufacturer.
About 11% of Kamaz is owned by Daimler AG.
In 1969 the Central Committee of the CPSU and Ministerial council of the USSR decided to begin construction of factories for the manufacture of supersized cars in the city of Naberezhnye Chelny. Construction actually began on December 13, 1969, but the first Kamaz rolled off the main assembly conveyor on February 16, 1976.
In 1987 the line for the manufacture of Oka midget cars (VAZ-1111) was created. The first car rolled out on December 21, 1987.
On June 25, 1990 the production association was transformed into an open joint-stock company.
On April 14, 1993 a fire destroyed the Kamaz engine factory.
Until 2005, Kamaz had a major share in ZMA (Factory of Micro-displacement Cars) that produces the Oka microcar. It was sold to the Severstal group.
In 2009, Kamaz and India's Vectra announced a new joint venture, called Kamaz Vectra Motors Limited to manufacture Kamaz trucks in India.
Also in 2009, Daimler and Kamaz announced two joint ventures in Russia. It stems from a 2008 agreement in which Daimler Trucks acquired 10% of Kamaz. The first is Fuso Kamaz Trucks Rus, with 50% owned each by Daimler and Kamaz, importing CKD Mitsubishi Fuso trucks from Japan and assembling for the Russian market. The second j.v. is Mercedes-Benz Trucks Vostok, again with each party owning 50%. The company will be manufacturing Mercedes-Benz trucks and buses and Setra buses (coaches).
In 2007, Kamaz bought the tooling and machinery from McCormick International Tractors's Doncaster, England facility, and in addition, 200 McCormick tractors to brand as Kamaz and sell in Russia. In 2010, Kamaz and CNH formed a 50-50 joint venture in Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia to build construction equipment (backhoes) and agricultural equipment, to be called CNH-KAMAZ Industrial BV. The JV will focus on New Holland technologies.
|Kamaz CMax 85||2008-||84 hp (63 kW)||Iveco||(McCormick)|
|Kamaz CX 105||2009-||105 hp (78 kW)||Iveco||(McCormick)|
|Kamaz KT-240K 4WD||2000s|
|Kamaz T-185||2009-||185 hp (138 kW)||Iveco||(McCormick)|
|Kamaz T-215||2008-||215 hp (160 kW)||Iveco or Cummins||(McCormick)|
By 2006 KAMAZ was producing the following trucks:
- KAMAZ 6520 6x4 Dump truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 6540 8x4 Dump truck & 8x4 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 6522 6x6 Dump truck & 6x6 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 55111 6x4 Dump truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 65115 6x4 Dump truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 65111 6x6 Dump truck
- KAMAZ 53605 4x2 Dump truck
- KAMAZ 43253 4x2 Side truck & 4x2 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 43118 6x6 Side truck & 6x6 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 43114 6x6 Side truck & 6x6 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 65117 6x4 Side truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 53215 6x4 Side truck & 6x4 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 4326 4x4 Side truck & 4x4 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 4911 4x4 Sport truck
- KAMAZ 4308 4x2 Medium-range truck & 4x2 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 53205 6x4 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 53229 6x4 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 53228 6x4 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 54115 6x4 Prime mover
- KAMAZ 5460 4x2 Prime mover
- KAMAZ 65116 6x4 Prime mover
- KAMAZ 6460 6x4 Prime mover
- KAMAZ 6560 8x8 Chassis truck
6x4 Prime mover
- KAMAZ 44108 6x6 Prime mover
- KAMAZ 65225 6x6 Prime mover
- KAMAZ 65226 6x6 Prime mover
- KAMAZ 4310 6x6 Chassis truck
- KAMAZ 43269 Vystrel (BPM-97) Wheeled armoured vehicle
- KAMAZ Barhan 4x4 multipurpose vehicle, a large prototype SUV built on a Kamaz-43501 chassis, made by CaRS, a private company. Original prototype was on a GaZ-66 chassis.
KAMAZ Group of Companies is the largest automobile corporation in the Russian Federation. KAMAZ PTC is one of the world's top 20 heavy duty truck producers and ranks 16th by production volumes of heavy-duty trucks with GVW exceeding 16 tonnes. Production capacity is 71 thousand vehicles a year.
The company is part of Rostec State Corporation.
February 16th 1976 witnessed the first truck produced on the banks of the Kama River roll off the assembly line of the automobile plant.
On February 15th 2012, КАМАZ produced its 2-millionth truck.
By early January 2018, the KAMAZ automobile plant had built more than 2 million 240 thousand finished trucks since the production launch.
The charter capital of KAMAZ comprises 35.36 bn rubles. The largest blocks of stock are owned by the government and commercial banks.
One single production base of KAMAZ PTC Group of Organizations incorporates the overall truck manufacturing cycle, beginning fr om design, manufacture, assembly of vehicles and components and ending up with sales of finished products and service backup.
The process flow group of companies includes several major plants involved in truck making business. The following operations are located on the industrial site in Naberezhnye Chelny: Foundry and Forge Plant, Engine Plant, Press and Stamping Plant, Automobile Plant, Repair and Tool Making Plant, Master Industrial Park. Major subsidiaries situated outside the limits of the City of Naberezhnye Chelny are NEFAZ PTC and TZA PTC (Republic of Bashkortostan).
KAMAZ Group of Companies comprises 84 organizations based in Russia, the former Soviet Union republics and other foreign countries.
By now, the enteprises of KAMAZ PTC's process chain have employed nearly 36 000 persons.
From January to October 2017, KAMAZ sold 28,791 trucks. 25,332 vehicles of them were sold on the Russian market – a 22% growth year over year. For the first six months of 2017, 983 KAMAZ vehicles and vehicle sets were exported: 609 vehicles and 374 vehicle sets, including 370 vehicles and 369 vehicle sets for the former Soviet Union republics.
KAMAZ is for the 14th time recognized as The Best Russian Exporter.
KAMAZ's share of the Russian heavy truck market is about 45%.
TRENDS IN SALES OF 8-40 TONNE GVW KAMAZ TRUCKS (THOUSAND UNITS)
KAMAZ PTC produces a broad spectrum of commercial vehicles: trucks (more than 60 models, in excess of 1,500 configurations, right hand drive vehicles), trailers, buses, engines, power packs and various tools. КАМАZ has historically been positioning itself in the 14-40 tonne GVW truck market. In recent years, the product range has broadened as a result of adding new models and vehicle families – fr om city delivery trucks to increased payload trucks to be used as part of road trains with GCW of up to 120 tonnes.
In 2016 KAMAZ developed and brought over 80 new vehicle sets and chassis to market, including several models of new-generation vehicles – Dump Trucks 6580, 65801, 65802, Transport Vehicles 65206 and 65208. Vehicles with KAMAZ components and a Daimler cabin – Dump Trucks KAMAZ-6520 Luxe and KAMAZ-65201 Luxe – also entered the market. These are affordable high-payload vehicles with modern comfortable cabins.
In April 2017 the automobile plant of KAMAZ PTC started producing KAMAZ-5490 NEO in series. Based on the Сompany's background and customers' requirements, the plant introduced a number of design improvements in order to perfect vehicle performance. First, it regards a greater weight of transported cargo without exceeding permissible axial loads. Upgrading of truck chassis components enhanced their reliability and prolonged life-cycle, as well as reduced operating costs.
Designing competitive products in terms of quality benchmarks which meet customers’ requirements and expectations is the pivotal aim of KAMAZ PTC in the quality area and key to the Company’s and its employees’ financial well-being and sustainability.
The tool which enables KAMAZ PTC to achieve the goals the Company has committed itself to in the area of quality is the quality management system.
The quality management system of KAMAZ PTC has been recognized to conform to the requirements of ISO 9001:2008 international standard, GOST ISO 9001-2011 national standard.
In 2011, КАМАZ was awarded the 5-star level in the European Competition EFQM per Recognized Excellence model, which is confirmed by the certificate; the Company has been put on the European Register of successful organizations.
In 2013, KAMAZ PTC won the 9th International Quality Tournament among the Central and Eastern European countries.
In 2015, KAMAZ PTC was awarded the diploma as one of contestants struggling for the Russian Government Quality Award.
KAMAZ PTC has been running assembly operations in Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Azerbaijan, India. Assembly is carried out using components shipped from KAMAZ. Programs are underway to localize production of CKD kit parts and components in Kazakhstan. Euro 6 KAMAZ vehicles are assembled at the assembly enterprise of Autobagi, Lithuania. Projects are being developed to resume KAMAZ trucks assembly in Iran and Vietnam.
Our customers are companies from all the branches of the economy wh ere trucks are used, companies which are in the trucking business, regional and city truck fleets in Russia and countries of the Company’s historical presence, natural monopolies, major corporate clients, government run enterprises and institutions. Major users of KAMAZ products in this country are GASPROM, LUKOIL, SUEK, ТNK and others.
KAMAZ PTC exports vehicles, CKD (complete knocked-down) kits and spare parts to more than 40 countries of the CIS, Southeast Asia, Middle East, Africa, Eastern Europe, Latin America.
Kazakhstan became the key export market of KAMAZ PTC in 2017. Thus, over 50% of all exported KAMAZ vehicles and CKD were sold there. Besides, Cuba accounts for a great share of KAMAZ deliveries under a contract started to be implemented as far back as 2016. To add to this, in 2017, KAMAZ trucks were for the first time ever exported to new markets of Myanmar, Iran, and the Philippines (January 2018).
DEALER AND SERVICE NETWORK
Sales and service network of KAMAZ PTC covers all the regions of Russia and the CIS, as well as the historical foreign markets. KAMAZ continues to actively expand its sales and service network in Russia and beyond its borders. As at January 1, 2017, the dealer network in the Russian Federation numbers 178 dealerships, out of which there are 70 3S status dealers (truck sales, spare parts sales, service support), 32 2S status dealers in vehicles (truck sales and service support), 26 2S status dealers in spare parts (spare parts sales and service support), 30 1S status dealers (service support only), 20 distributors in spare parts sales.
Underlying the service system are the principles of uniform style and maximum approximation of aftermarket services to the customer. The service network deployment has been proceeding along the two lines: construction of new service centers and reconstruction of existing service stations. In the philosophy of its dealer relations, the Company swears by a special internal document called Manual for Dealers of KAMAZ PTC which lays down all the requirements as well as terms and conditions the dealers must live up to. Certification of dealerships and service stations, pursuant to the Manual for Dealers of KAMAZ PTC, allows uniform service format and better recognition of authorized dealers by customers to be ensured, the requirements relating to organization of the dealer’s key business processes to be formalized.
KAMAZ Leasing Company Inc. (KAMAZ-LEASING brand) is one of Russia’s largest leasing companies, a 100%-owned subsidiary of KAMAZ PTC which specializes in selling KAMAZ vehicles and special purpose vehicles based on KAMAZ chassis under the Leasing from the Manufacturer program.
КАМАZ-LEASING has been operating on the leasing market since 2002, is a three time winner of the Company of the Year award, including, among others, the prize in the nomination For Financial Sustainability and Stability in the Leasing Services Market, and the honorary title Leader of Leasing of RUSSIAN LEASING AWARD-2017. In December 2017, the company received a letter of thanks from the Committee of Economic Policy, Industry, Innovation Development and Entrepreunership of the RF State Duma. It is included in the TOP-10 players on the leasing market in the truck segment, according to the results of 9 months of 2017 (by version of Expert RA).
Today, the company offers 4 leasing packages from the manufacturer: Big Leasing for large businesses, Leasing for Predators intended for medium-scale businesses, Owner of Success for small businesses and individual entrepreneurs, Express Leasing – a program with shorter periods of application consideration and decision-making, as well as the special program Tsar's Offer. On 1 January KAMAZ-LEASING brought to market a new product for official dealers of KAMAZ PTC – Leasing of Equipment for Service Centers to extend potential of the commodity distribution and service network of the auto giant for vehicle repair..
Detailed information on products and special offers from KAMAZ-LEASING is available at the website www.kamazleasing.ru.
JOINT VENTURE COMPANIES
On November 23-rd 2005, ZF KAMA Limited Liability Company, a joint venture company was formed by ZF Friedrichshafen AG and KAMAZ PTC. That was the first production facility established by KAMAZ with participation of a foreign firm and manufacturing products under its brand name. It was also the first example wh ere industrial production operation to manufacture world class high technology products was set up in Russia. The JV annually produces 27,000 transmissions. An agreement was signed to ramp up the JV’s production capacity from 9 thousand to 40 thousand transmissions a year.
In January 2006, documents on the setting-up of CUMMINS KAMA Joint Venture Company were signed between Cummins, Inc., a US company and KAMAZ to produce Series B engines for the Russian market. The company’s equity capital is USD 20 mn., while the participants’ stakes are 50:50. The company produces Euro-3 and Euro-4 electronically controlled engines, in conformity with the schedule for introduction of emission standards in Russia.
In December 2007, КАМАZ signed the agreement with Knorr-Bremse Systeme für Nutzfahrzeuge GmbH on the establishment in Naberezhnye Chelny of the joint venture company KNORR-BREMSE KAMA to produce brake systems with the parties’ equal ownership interests in the equity capital.
On March 10-th 2008, incorporation documents on the joint venture company were signed to produce cylinder and piston related parts between Federal Mogul Corporation (U.S.A.) and KAMAZ with the parties’ equal ownership interests in the equity capital with the company name being Federal Mogul Naberezhnye Chelny.
In December 2008, the German concern Daimler AG acquired 10% of KAMAZ equity capital, which marked the beginning of a new win-win strategic partnership between the two vehicle makers. As a result of such strategic partnership, in 2009, KAMAZ and Daimler AG signed agreements on the setting-up of two joint enterprises: Fuso KAMAZ Trucks Rus to produce and sell light commercial vehicles Fuso Canter in Russia and Mercedes-Benz Trucks Vostok to produce and sell Mercedes-Benz Actros and Axor heavy duty trucks. Now the share of Daimler AG in KAMAZ is 15%.
The pilots of the KAMAZ-master team constitute an outstanding example of technical and sporting skills. The crews of racers from Naberezhnye Chelny have won multiple victories in international rallies and super marathons. Fifteen times the company sponsored KAMAZ-master team has won the informal world championship among truck producers, the Dakar International Rally Marathon. KAMAZ confidently converts its winning Dakar track record into success of its business.
ADVANTAGES OF THE PRODUCTS MADE BY KAMAZ PTC
- Easy to service, reliable, high quality trucks with low operating costs at good prices;
- Meeting any customer requirement;
- Extensive and vast sales footprint: KAMAZ vehicles operate under any road and weather conditions, in the areas of the Far North, tropics, desert areas and high mountains;
- Ramified service network in Russia and the CIS countries, provision of warranty service with the vehicle kilometrage of up to 75 thousand km.
All this enables the Company to perfect KAMAZ vehicles and upgrade them to the level of world industry leaders. In the domestic market, KAMAZ PTC has been waging an active, well-balanced and independent pricing policy, with primary focus on the market demand and optimal price to quality ratio.
BASIC OBJECTIVES IN 2017
In 2017 the Company continues building a cab frame plant jointly with its old partner Daimler. The project implies the full-cycle cab frame production, including welding and painting operations. The plant is being erected at KAMAZ premises, in close proximity to the automobile plant, the finishing assembly of KAMAZ trucks. Cab frames produced there will be delivered to the KAMAZ assembly line and to the assembly of Mercedes-Benz trucks.
The new assembly line at the engine plant of KAMAZ PTC is being equipped for a new line which is to produce the first 200 trial samples of new-type L6 engines this year.
In 2017 the first trolleybus was assembled at NEFAZ PTC, a subsidiary of KAMAZ in Bashkiria. This is a joint project of NEFAZ PTC and Ufa Tram and Trolleybus Plant (UTTP).
In addition, KAMAZ was the first Russian company to certify two models of trucks running on compressed natural gas (CNG): a side-board KAMAZ-65117-37 and a bolster-type KAMAZ-65116-37 truck tractor.
PROSPECTS OF KAMAZ PTC
The key avenues followed by KAMAZ PTC in its development are mapped out in the Strategic Development Program of KAMAZ Until the Year 2020
KAMAZ PTC has never cooperated, is not cooperating now and will not cooperate in the future with persons, companies, countries which have UN sanctions imposed on them.
Kamaz - Mashpedia Free Video Encyclopedia
KAMAZ (Russian: Камский Автомобильный Завод – КАМАЗ, translit. Kamskiy Avtomobilny Zavod, lit. 'Kama Automobile Plant') is a Russian brand of trucks and engines manufacturer located in Naberezhnye Chelny, Tatarstan, Russian Federation. It is famous for its cab over trucks. KAMAZ is a portmanteau which stands for a factory on Kama River.
KAMAZ opened its doors in 1976. Today, heavy duty models are exported to many areas of the world including the CIS, Latin America, the Middle East, Africa. The trucks have won the Dakar Rally a record fourteen times. KAMAZ is the largest truck producer in Russia and the CIS. The factory produces 43,000 trucks a year (2014). Reinforced KAMAZ trucks are used by the Russian army.
HistoryUSSR 1974 postage stamp featuring a KamAZ truck
In 1969, the Resolution of the Central Committee of the USSR Communist Party and the USSR Council of Ministers was approved which envisaged construction of a complex of heavy duty truck production plants. 70 potential sites to locate the facilities were investigated. Choice went in favor of Naberezhnye Chelny, then a small town on the Kama River. Its advantages were obvious. So far as its geographical situation was concerned, Naberezhnye Chelny was right in the center of the former Soviet Union. The navigable rivers – the Kama River and the Volga River – as well as proximity of the railway line, were central to meeting all the logistical needs of the construction site for materials, raw materials, equipment, components while, going forward, to meeting the need to ship ready-made trucks to customers. The fact that the huge construction company “KamGESenergostroy” existed in the region allowed construction of plant buildings and apartment blocks for prospective KAMAZ employees to be completed.
Workers and engineers, representing more than 70 ethnicities, converged on Naberezhnye Chelny to fuse into a “melting pot” of the construction project personnel. Orders placed by KAMAZ to procure construction materials and equipment were filled by all the ministries and departments, a total of over 2000 enterprises. Over 100,000 personnel were employed at the construction site itself. The would-be truck plant was being provided with the most state-of-the-art manufacturing equipment by the contemporary standards. More than 700 international firms were among equipment vendors for KAMAZ facilities, including such globally known corporations as Swindell-Dressler, Holcroft, CE-Cast, Ingersoll Rand, Ex-Cello (U.S.A.), Hueller-Hille, Liebherr (West Germany), Morando, Fata (Italy), Renault (France), Sandvik (Sweden), Komatsu and Hitachi (Japan).
On December 13, 1969, ground was broken and the first bucket of soil was excavated at the construction site of the Kama River Truck Plant which was rated for production of 150,000 heavy duty trucks and 250,000 engines per year. The Complex of Plants on the Kama River sprawled over a vast territory measuring 57 square km. Concurrent to construction of the truck plant, huge social challenges were tackled. Hundreds of thousands of people were provided by KAMAZ with comfortable housing, modern educational facilities, kindergartens and creches, hospitals and clinics, numerous cultural, sporting, recreational and leisure centers. KAMAZ was instrumental in transforming the Kama River Area into a powerful industrial and scientific research hub and developing the infrastructure for the suburban agricultural zone.
Every year the population of the city grew by another 30-40 thousand or so. Whereas before construction of KAMAZ got underway, 27,000 residents had lived in Naberezhnye Chelny, the current population has now reached more than half a million.
Owners and management
The main shareholders of Kamaz are the state corporation Rostec (49.9%), Avtoinvest Limited (23.54%), a Cyprus-registered company whose main beneficiaries have never been officially disclosed, and Daimler (15%). After the Panama Papers leak it was alleged that this Cyprus-based company can be traced to Sergei Roldugin, a concert cellist and personal friend of Vladimir Putin.
At the same time, a 4% stake in the company is publicly traded on the Moscow Exchange, leading the company to have many minority shareholders (more than 76,000 individuals in 2007).
In early March, 2008 the Board of Directors of KAMAZ was elected, which included 15 people, including:
The mayor of the city of Naberezhnye Chelny (April 2010 - Prime Minister of Tatarstan) - Ildar Khalikov, head of the management Federal Agency for State Property Management (Rosimushchestvo) - Ivan V. Aksenov, and the Director-General of the "Russian Technologies State Corporation" Sergey Chemezov.
KAMAZ Publicly Traded Company has more than 110 subsidiaries and affiliates, it owns shares in the authorized capital of more than 50 different companies and businesses. Together they form KAMAZ Group.The group includes:
- Truck Assembly Plant (Naberezhnye Chelny)
- Metallurgical Complex, KAMAZ PTC KAMAZ Foundries (now one of the largest in Russia) KAMAZ Forge KAMAZ Truck Assembly Plant
- KAMAZ Press and Stamping Plant
- Engine Plant, KAMAZ PTC
- Remdiesel (Engine Re-Manufacture Plant)
- KAMAZ Trade and Finance Company JSC
- Neftekamsk Automotive Plant (NEFAZ) - manufactures buses and vehicles on KAMAZ chassis
- Auto Trailer Plant OJSC (formerly СЗАП (En:SZAP) of Stavropol)
- KAMAZ Technical Service OJSC
- KAMAZ Auto Technology
- RIZ OJSC (formerly of KAMAZinstrumentspetsmash)
- KIP Master OJSC
- KAMAZ-CAPITAL KAMAZ R & D Center
The main production facilities of the plant are located in the industrial area of Naberezhnye Chelny. Nefaz buses are produced in Neftekamsk (Bashkortostan).
There are also foreign manufacturing facilities in the following locations: Vietnam, India, Kazakhstan (KAMAZ-Engineering JSC).
Kamaz vehicles have won the truck category of the Dakar Rally 15 times as of 2018. All 14 of the 2010 Dakar Rally stages in the truck category were won by Kamaz trucks.